Litigation and Decisions

On August 7, Judge Richard Seeborg of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California denied in part a motion to dismiss (the “Order”) sought by the defendants in In Re Tezos Securities Litigation (the “Tezos Case”). Among other important insights, the Order’s reasoning illustrates the potentially broad reach of the U.S. federal securities laws to blockchain token sellers outside the United States.
Continue Reading Key Takeaways From the Tezos Litigation

U.S. Developments

Regulatory Updates

Ohio Enacts Cybersecurity Law with addition of Blockchain to Ohio’s Uniform Electronic Transactions Act
Continue Reading Blockchain Week in Review – Week of August 6 – 10, 2018

On July 26, 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) issued an order, by a 3-1 vote, disapproving a proposed rule change (the “Proposal”) that would have allowed for a bitcoin exchange-traded product (“ETP”) (the “Order”).  In the Order, the SEC re-asserted many of its prior concerns and reasons for denying the

On July 26, 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) issued an order disapproving a proposed rule change that would have allowed for a bitcoin exchange-traded product (“ETP”) (the “Order”).  However, the Order was not unanimous amongst the SEC’s Commissioners.  Commissioner Hester M. Peirce issued a stand-alone dissent against the Order, arguing

This week, at the tail-end of the legislative session, California legislators have introduced a bill (amended from a bill originally introduced in April 2015) that statutorily addresses the increasingly topical question of how to regulate the emerging crypto-currency market.

The amendment, introduced on August 8, 2016, is a vast departure from the earlier iterations of

Despite much hype over the ruling by a Florida court that bitcoin is not money, the likeliest outcome of Monday’s decision will be legislative amendments to Florida’s money transmitter laws, rather than the sweeping impact envisioned by some.

Florida state Judge Teresa Pooler dismissed charges on Monday against a man accused of  money laundering and

On June 2nd, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) announced an enforcement order and settlement with BFXNA Inc. d/b/a Bitfinex, an online platform for exchanging and trading cryptocurrencies (the “Platform”).  This posting will summarize that order with the goal of helping our readers make sense of the current state of the law with respect to the CFTC’s regulation of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

KEY REGULATORY PRINCIPLES

Before turning to the facts of this particular enforcement order and settlement (the “Order”), it is helpful to review the current state of the law with respect to the the CFTC’s regulation of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.  The following are the key regulatory principles, as excerpted from the Order (detailed citations have been omitted in the interest of readability).
Continue Reading Making Sense of the CFTC’s Enforcement Order and Settlement with Bitfinex

Federal authorities announced this week a settlement with Ripple Labs Inc. and its subsidiary, XRP Fund II, resolving an investigation by FinCEN and the Department of Justice into violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.  The settlement generally calls for the company to pay $700,000 in fines and forfeitures, to move Ripple Trade (a version of the open source wallet software operated by Ripple Labs) to a registered Money Services Business, and to make changes to the AML compliance programs at Ripple Labs and its subsidiaries.
Continue Reading Federal Authorities Announce Settlement with Ripple Labs Inc. Resolving Investigation

Mt. Gox filed a motion requesting the U.S. Bankruptcy Court’s approval of the form of the official notification of the May 6 recognition hearing as well as approving the service via email.  The motion also seeks to establish a deadline of seven days before that hearing for any party to object to the request for recognition of the Japanese insolvency case.  Additional notice would be provided by posting an approved form of notification on the Mt. Gox web site as well as at the Reddit.com site.
Continue Reading Mt. Gox’s Request for Email Notification of Its Chapter 15 Case